Canadian Permanent Residence
A Canadian permanent resident is someone who has been granted permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada. A permanent resident is not a Canadian citizen so all permanent residents are citizens of other countries.
In order to maintain permanent resident status, permanent residents must meet certain requirements such as a minimum amount of time spent in Canada.
Routes to Permanent Residence
There are many immigration pathways which will enable a person to become a Canadian permanent resident. Economic immigration also known as skilled migration (i.e getting a job), business immigration, sponsorship, and refugee/humanitarian programs offer different options for becoming a permanent resident in Canada.
The vast majority of newcomers to Canada become residents through economic immigration programs.
The Government of Canada plans to welcome 350,000 new permanent residents by the year 2021. This means that there are many opportunities for foreign nationals with the skills needed to fill labour gaps in the Canadian economy.
When you apply for a work permit under the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP), we can request a nomination from the province for your permanent resident status at the same time.
How do I become a permanent resident?
There are many immigration pathways which will enable a person to become a Canadian permanent resident. Economic immigration also known as skilled migration, business immigration, sponsorship, and refugee/humanitarian programs offer different options for becoming a permanent resident in Canada.
In order to understand the most efficient route for you and your family, it is important to have a consultation with an immigration expert.
Can I become a permanent resident if I get a work permit?
Yes! If we successfully match you with a designated employer, we will request a nomination from the province for your permanent residency status when we are applying for your work permit.
What are the residency requirements?
In order to maintain permanent residence in Canada, a person must meet a residency obligation. The residency obligation refers to a person’s physical presence inside of Canada for a set amount of time.
Canada’s residency obligation for permanent residents requires a person to be physically present inside of Canada for at least 730 days within a five-year period, or to meet one of the following situations:
The person is outside of Canada accompanying a Canadian citizen who is their spouse or common-law partner, or the person is a child accompanying their parent;
The person is outside of Canada employed on a full-time basis by a Canadian business or in the public service of Canada or of a Canadian province;
The person is an accompanying spouse, common-law partner, or child of a permanent resident who is outside Canada and is employed on a full-time basis by a Canadian business or in the public service of Canada or of a Canadian province.
Usually, whether a permanent resident has met their residency obligations is assessed when they are applying for a permanent resident card renewal, permanent resident travel document (PRTD), or Canadian citizenship.
Please note that if a person has Canadian permanent residence for more than five years, the residency obligation will be calculated based on the five years prior to the date an application was received by the visa office.
If a person has been a Canadian permanent resident for less than five years, they may be eligible to apply for a permanent resident card renewal or PRTD provided they can demonstrate that they will be able to meet the 730 days physical presence day within the five year period.
What are the benefits of permanent residence?
As a permanent resident, a person receives a significant number of benefits:
Access to Canadian healthcare and social services.
The right to live, work, and study anywhere within Canada.
Protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The ability to leave and enter Canada’s borders using their Canadian permanent resident card, or permanent resident travel documents (PRTD).
The ability to apply for Canadian citizenship after requirements are met.
What will be the proof I am a Canadian permanent resident?
Once a person is approved for Canadian permanent residence, they are eligible to apply for a Canadian permanent resident card (PR card).
This card indicates a person’s PR status in Canada and can be used to travel in and out of the country. Applications for permanent resident cards are submitted to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
When can I apply for Canadian citizenship?
Foreign nationals wishing to become Canadian citizens must meet several requirements, including having valid permanent resident status in Canada.
In addition, permanent residents wishing to become citizens have different residency obligations than those required for permanent resident status renewal. We can guide you through the process when the time comes.
How do I renounce my permanent residency?
Permanent resident status is not automatically lost when a PR card expires. PR status can only be lost through an official process.
If a person wants to renounce their permanent resident status, they may submit an application to voluntarily give up their permanent resident status. This may save time during travels if a person knows they have not met their residency obligation and they intend to travel to Canada.
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